https://rosa.uniroma1.it/rosa04/organisms/issue/feed Organisms. Journal of Biological Sciences 2021-12-30T13:30:57+00:00 Editorial Board mariano.bizzarri@uniroma1.it Open Journal Systems <p>ORGANISMS is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal publishing articles of the highest quality pertaining to the fields of basic, translational, theoretical and clinical research.</p> <p><strong><em>FOREWORD</em></strong></p> <p><em>“He who loves practice without theory is like the sailor who boards ship without a rudder and compass and never knows where he is going”.</em> <br />(Leonardo da Vinci)</p> <p>At the beginning of the 21st century, biology is facing an epistemological crisis which anticipates a paradigm change. Reductionism and the molecular analysis it favors have failed to bring about an understanding of complex phenomena in biology. <strong><em><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a title="Foreword" href="https://rosa.uniroma1.it/rosaXXX04_3214/organisms/management/settings/context//index.php/Organisms/about/editorialPolicies#custom-3" target="_self">read more</a></span></em></strong></p> <p><em><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong> </strong></span></em></p> <p><strong><em>NEW CALL<br /></em></strong></p> <p>The impact of publications in the sciences at large and in biology in particular is subject to a number of variables that depend on whether they are noticed, evaluated and/or interpreted correctly, or just ignored. Perhaps Gregor Mendel’s paper in 1865 is the most dramatic example of such an outcome. It was only 35 years later that its significance was “rediscovered”. <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><em><a title="Announcement" href="https://rosa.uniroma1.it/rosaXXX04_3214/organisms/management/settings/context//index.php/Organisms/announcement" target="_self">read more</a></em></span></strong></p> https://rosa.uniroma1.it/rosa04/organisms/article/view/17506 Upper Limb Structural Anatomic Mechanisms of Protection (SAMPs) 2021-11-07T15:15:59+00:00 Giulia Ricci giulia.ricci@unicampania.it Luciana Marzella luciana.marzella@me.com Rocco De Vitis rocco.devitis@policlinicogemelli.it Pasquale Gravina pasquale.gravina93@gmail.com Francesco De Francesco francesco.defrancesco@ospedaliriuniti.marche.it <p><strong>Introduction </strong>Nature has provided living bodies with extraordinary active reparative mechanisms. Besides these biological processes anatomical structures are designed to protect life against external injuries. A series of these protective systems in the upper limb are described. <strong>Material and Methods </strong>From 2009 to 2017, 864 fresh frozen cadaveric upper limbs have been dissected from the axilla to the fingers into the program of the Italian Hand Society surgical anatomy dissection course. <strong>Results </strong>Arrangement of anatomical structures in the upper limb is proven to protect major life supporting organs. <strong>Conclusions </strong>External injuries affecting the upper limb may cause damage to many important structures with severe consequences on function. The layout of these structures and the relations within them is organized to preserve life at any functional cost.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Giulia Ricci, Luciana Marzella, Rocco De Vitis, Pasquale Gravina, Francesco De Francesco