Intra-industry trade: a statistical artefact or a real phenomenon?
Economists have been discussing the phenomenon of intra-industry trade, whereby trade has taken place for at least fifteen years between countries in products that are essentially the same as those that can be produced domestically. Arguments rage between those who see such trade as a true economic phenomenon and those who believe it is largely a statistical phenomenon that would disappear if appropriate industry definitions were used. The author concludes that neither side have proved their case and that existing trade data is inadequate for such a purpose.
BALASSA, B. (1966), "Tariff Reducclons and Trade in Manufactures Among the IndustriaI
Countries, The American Economie Review, No.3, lune.
BLOMSTROM, M.. LIPSEY, R.E.. OHLSSON, L (1990), "What Do Rich Countries Trade
with Each Other? R&D and the Composition of US and Swedish Trade", in this
Review, No. 173, lune.
CHIPMAN, }.S. (1986), "Intra-industrieller Hande1, Faktorproportionen und Aggregation",
in R. Erte! and H.]. Heinemann (eds), Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, NIWVortragsl'eihe,
Hannover, A longer version, in English, was presented at the
Midwest International Economics Conference, East Lansing, Michigan, October 26,
CORDEN, W,M. (1970, "Intra-Industry Trade and Factor Proportions Theory", in H.
Giersch (ed.) On the Eeonomies 01 Intra"Industry Trade, J,C.E. Mohr, Tiibingen.
DAVIES, R. (1978), "Trade Overlap and Intra-Industry Trade: Comment", Economie
Inquiry, No.3, July.
FINGER, M.J. (1975), "Trade Overlap and Intra-Industry Trade", Economic Inquiry, No.4,
GLOBERMAN, S. - DEAN, J.W. (1990), "Recent Trends in Intra-Industry Trade and their
Implications for Future Tl'ade Liberalization", Weltwirtschaltliehes Arehiv, Nr. 1.
GRAY, H.P. (1973), "Two-Way International Trade in Manufactures: A Theoretical
Underpinning", Weltwirtsehaltliehes Arehiv, Nr, 1.
GRAY, H.P. (1979), "Intra-Industry Trade: The Effects of Different Levels of Data
Aggregation", in H. Giersch (ed.) On tbe Eeonomies 01 Intra-Industry Trade, J.C.B.
GRAY, H.P, (1988), "Intra-Industry Trade: An 'Untidy' Phenomenon", Weltwirtsehaltliehes
Arehiv, Nr. 2,
GREENAWAY, D. (1983), "Inter-Industry Trade and Intra-Industry Trade in SwitzerIand",
Weltwirtsehaltliehes Arehiv, Nr, 1.
GREENAWAY, D, - MILNER, C.R. (1987), "Intra-Industry Trade: Current Perspectives and
Unresolved Issues", Weltwirtsehaltliehes Arehiv, Nr. 1.
GRUBEL, H.G. (1967), "Intl'a~Industry Spedalization and the Pattern of Trade", Canadian
Journal 01 Economie and Political Scienee, No.3, August.
Banca Nazionale del Lavoro
GRUBEL, H.G. ~ LLOYD, P.l. (1971), "The Empirical Measurement of Intra-Industry
Trade", Economlc Record, No. 120, December.
GRUBEL, H.G. - LLOYD, P.]. (1975), Intra-Industry Trade, Macmillan, Landan.
HELPMAN, E. (1981), "International Trade in tbe Presence af Produet Differentiation,
Economies of Scale aod Monopolistic Competition: A Chamberlin-Heekscher-Ohlin
Approach", Journal 01 International Economics, No.3, August.
HELPMAN, E. - KRUGMAN, P.R. (1985), Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing
Rcturns, Imperfect Competition and the lnternational Economy, The MIT Press,
HJ..:-....,j , 11. (1974), "Hypotheses for the Explanation af Trade Between IndustriaI Countries,
-1970", in H. Giersch (ed.) The International Division 01 Labour, Problems
and Perspectives, J.C.B. Mohr, Tiibingen.
HESSE, H. (1979), Comment on Gray's "Intra-Industry Trade: The Effects of Different
Leve1s of Data Aggregation", in H. Giersch (ed.) On the Economics 01 Intra~Industry
Trade, I.C.B. Mohr, Tubingen.
KRUGMAN, P.R. (1979), "Increasing Returns, Monopolistìc Competition and International
Trade", Journal 01 International Economics, No.4, November.
K.RUGiMAN, P.R. (1980), "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation and the Pattern of
Trade", The American Economie Review, No.5, December.
KRUGMAN, P.R. (1981), "Intra-Industry Specialization and the Gains from Trade",
Journal 01 Political Economy, No.5, October.
LANCASTER, K.J. (1980), "Intra-Industry Trade under Perfect Monopolistic Competition",
Journal 01 International Economics, No.2, May.
LIPSEY, R.E. (1976), "Review of Grnbel and Lloyd (1975)", lournal 01 International
Economics, Book Reviews, No.3, August.
LUNDBERG, L. (1982), "Intra~Industry Trade: Tbe Case of Sweden", Weltwirtschaltliches
Archiv, Nr. 2.
PAGOULATOS, E. ~ SORENSEN, R. (1975), "Two-Way International Trade: An Econometrie
Analysis", Weltwirtschaltliches Archiv", Nr. 3.
POMFRET, R. (1976), "Intra~Indust1y Trade in Israel: Level, Explanations and Implications",
Institut fiir Weltwirtschaft, Kiel Working Papers, No. 40, January.
POMFRET, R. (1979), "Intra-Industry Trade in Intra-Regional and International Trade",
in H. Giersch (ed.), On the Economics 01 Intra-Industry Trade, J.C.B. Mohr,
RA,YMENT, P.R (1976), "Tbe Homogeneity of Manufacturing Industries with Respect to
Factor Intensity: The Case of the UK", Oxlord Bullett'n 01 Economt'cs and Statistics,
SIRIWARDANA, M.A. (1990), "Intra~Industry Trade: A Note on New Evidence from
Australia, 1968-1982", Weltwirtschaltliches Archiv, Nr. 1.
VONA, S. (1979), "Un contributo allo studio del commerdo orizzontale: verifiche di
alcune ipotesi interpretative>l, Rassegna Economica, N. 4, luglio~agosto 1979.
VONA, S. (1990), ('On the Measurement of Intra~Industry Trade: Some Further