Psychology Hub <p><strong>Psychology hub (PSY-HUB)</strong>, formerly <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Rassegna di psicologia</a>, is an international peer-reviewed open access journal that aims to keep psychologists up-to-date on the latest research. <strong>Psychology hub</strong> provides a forum for psychology, psychiatry, and mental health professionals to share their findings with researchers. See the <strong><a href="">About the journal</a></strong> page for further information.</p> <p><strong>Psychology hub</strong> is indexed by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCI Journal</a> (2022 Impact Score: 0.64), <a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCImago</a> (2022 H-Index: 6), <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a> (CiteScore 2022: 1.4; SJR 2022: 0.280; SNIP 2022: 0.222).</p> Sapienza Università Editrice en-US Psychology Hub 2723-973X “They Knock On Our Doors”: Social Representations And Policies On (Im)Migration, From Both Sides Of The Atlantic, Through Online Newspapers <p>Introduction. This study is part of the extension in Canada of a larger program on “Migration Studies” launched in Italy in 2017, inspired by the “modelling” paradigmatic approach to Social Representations Theory. After a short review of the literature, cross-results concerning the transversal analysis of the social media sources in the mother research are briefly presented, in order to contextualize the results presented here.<br />Aims. In this paper we empirically investigate the structure and contents of Social Representations and Policies about (im)migration through the analysis of 2404 articles published online in Canadian and Italian news media (between 2014 and<br />2020).<br />Hypothesis. Based on the background research results of the mother-research, we expect to find more polarised social representations in Italian articles and less polarized tones in the discussion of immigration in Canadian articles.<br />Methodology. The texts of the articles have been analysed through Descending Hierarchical Classification, using the software IRaMuTeQ.<br />Results. Among the six clusters extracted, four classes refer to the Italian sources and two classes refer to the Canadian ones. This highlights the consistency of the polarised discourse on (im)migration that already emerged from the wider research programme<br />launched in Italy, thus confirming our above-mentioned hypothesis.<br />Study’s limits and possible future developments. Our research is not without limitations. The limitations of the research open up new perspectives for expanding data collection in a spatio-temporal perspective.<br />Impacts of the work. Moving from research to its application value, specific promotional online campaigns could be advocated for by experts in Psychology of Communication, to favour inclusive Policies free of stereotypes and prejudices, expressing positive social<br />representations on (im)migration.</p> Elena Bocci Annamaria Silvana de Rosa Lilian Negura Martina Latini Sara Proietti Sarah Taieb Yannick Masse Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 5 16 10.13133/2724-2943/18111 Leadership Effectiveness of Lesbian and Heterosexual Women: The mediational role of masculinity and femininity <p style="font-weight: 400;">Women still face social barriers when confronted with managerial positions, typically associated with the male domain. These barriers may be thought to be even more pronounced for lesbian women who are often discriminated against due to their sexual orientation. Perceptions of femininity and masculinity have recently caught the attention of scholars interested in leadership effectiveness perception<br />associated with sexual minorities. If on the one hand being perceived as masculine may represent an advantage within the work context, some research suggests that conforming to gender roles by holding feminine traits is also important for female candidates. In the present study, we aimed at investigating the relationship between sexual orientation and leadership effectiveness perception. We specifically examined female leaders’ perceived masculinity and femininity as potential mediators of this relationship. 290 heterosexual participants rated a lesbian vs. heterosexual woman by rating her leadership effectiveness as well as masculinity and femininity. Results<br />showed that being lesbian was associated with higher levels of masculinity and lower levels of femininity. Yet, only femininity was positively associated with leadership effectiveness, thus suggesting the importance of conforming to gender roles within the work environment. This study contributes to the literature on sexual minorities and leadership perception, by specifically focusing on how lesbian women may be perceived in work-related contexts and shed light on the role played by gender role-conforming perceptions when evaluating both heterosexual as well as lesbian individual’s leadership effectiveness perceptions.</p> Tunahan Sari Soraya Elizabeth Shamloo Valerio Pellegrini Valeria De Cristofaro Marco Salvati Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 17 24 10.13133/2724-2943/18069 Risk perception in the elderly during the first phase of epidemiological emergence from Covid-19 <p>Several studies have examined the impact of COVID-19 emergence on people’s mental health, investigating the relationship between risk perception and psychological well-being, (especially for people in quarantine) and between risk perception and the adoption of healthy behaviors. Few studies have focused explicitly on the elderly, a population identified as particularly vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection and its consequences. The objective of the present research was to study the relationship between the elderly experience of the pandemic and the perceived risk of infection with three variables: emotional regulation, perceived acute stress, and quality of life. The results showed that Direct experience of the pandemic was related to lower stress levels and higher emotional regulation. While Indirect experience and the perceived risk of COVID-19 contagion were related to a higher level of acute stress, poorer emotional regulation, and a significant reduction in quality of life. The pandemic situation and, in particular, the fear of contagion seems to have left an important mark on older people, who manifest high levels of Risk as Feeling together with high levels of acute stress. Therefore, high risk perception may be an important peritraumatic factor.</p> Monica Figus Lina Pezzuti James Dawe Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 25 34 10.13133/2724-2943/18060 Towards a Deeper Understanding of Self-diagnosis Among Female Saudi Psychology Students <p><em>Background:</em> Numerous studies have addressed medical student syndrome among medical students, but only limited research has investigated this phenomenon among psychology students.</p> <p><em>Objective</em>: This current qualitative study explored psychology students’ experience of self-diagnosis and the impact this has on their lives.</p> <p><em>Method</em>: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven Saudi female psychology students.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Results</em>: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis IPA revealed that both internal and external factors cause the student to self-diagnose.&nbsp; The findings also confirmed the presence of negative and positive effects of self-diagnosis, and the protective role that the academic level plays.</p> <p><em>Conclusion</em>: The phenomenon of psychology student syndrome is evident among students who self-diagnose.</p> Hanan Alfayez Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 35 50 10.13133/2724-2943/18055 Adolescents’ Psychological Well-being: Adaptation and Validation of the Brief Scale of Psychological Well-Being for Adolescents (BSPWB-A) in Indonesia <p>Background: The Brief Scale of Psychological Well-Being for Adolescents (BSPWB-A) is a 20-items self-report questionnaire developed to measure adolescents’ psychological well-being. The present study aims to adapt and validate the BSPWB-A in the Indonesian context. Methods: Referring to International Test Commission (ITC) guidelines, the adaptation and validation procedure included back-translation, peer and expert reviews, cognitive interviews, and evaluation of scale psychometric properties. Data from 770 junior and high school students aged 11 to 19 were collected and analyzed to identify the scale reliability (internal consistency) and construct validity through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Convergent validity was assessed by correlating the BSPWB-A score with other related measures, such as the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale-6 (K-6). Results: The BSPWB-A has good psychometric properties. An acceptable Cronbach’s alpha coefficient indicated high internal consistency. The CFA supported the four-factor model implying adequate construct validity. Moreover, the instrument correlated positively with the life satisfaction and positive affect scales; and negatively with the psychological distress and negative affect scales. Conclusions: The Indonesian version of the BSPWB-A is psychometrically sound for assessing adolescents’ psychological well-being in Indonesia.</p> Grace Natasha Sunardy Fitri Ariyanti Abidin Laila Qodariah Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 51 58 10.13133/2724-2943/18019 Development and Preliminary Validation of a Scale to Measure Sexual Violence Awareness using the Rasch Model <p>This study develops a sexual violence awareness scale (ID-SVAS) using the Rasch Model, as well as assessing its validity and reliability. This developed scale was tried out on 1022 respondents consisting of students, lecturers, and college employees. In this study, the Rasch Model was used to measure the psychometric properties of the 14 items of the SVA scale through WINSTEPS 3.73. Our analysis results indicate that the developed sexual violence awareness measurement tool has good validity and reliability. Therefore, this scale be relied upon to measure sexual violence awareness experienced by respondents. This research is expected to present significant impacts in developing an accurate and reliable measurement tool to measure sexual violence awareness among university students in Indonesia, designing educational programs and social campaigns to increase sexual violence awareness.</p> Sisca Folastri IM Hambali M Ramli Sa`'dun Akbar Afriyadi Sofyan Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 59 66 10.13133/2724-2943/18000 Mediating Role of Psychological Flexibility between Optimism and Psychological Well-Being among Defence Personnel in India <p>Defence forces, worldwide, have undergone modernisation while upgrading their weapon system and machinery. But, the most important weapon of defence forces are its human resources and their psychological strength in the face of challenges and adversaries. The aim of positive psychology is to enhance and sustain human psychological well-being. This study aims to explore the path mechanism and expand the current research on the action pathway existing between optimism and psychological well-being among defence personnel. The present research work also explores the mediational role of psychological flexibility (PF)<strong>&nbsp;</strong>between optimism and psychological well-being (PWB). To explore the relationship, a sample of Indian defence personnel (n=102) was taken. The participants' age ranged from 21 to 58 (<em>M = 43.42, SD = 11.21</em>). Instruments administered on defence personnel in the study were Life Orientation Test – Revised (Scheir, Carver &amp; Bridges, 1994), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire – II (Bond <em>et al</em>, 2011) and Ryff’s Psychological well-being scale (Ryff, 1989). Correlational analysis revealed positive and significant correlation between optimism and PWB and negative and significant correlation between optimism and PF as well as PF and PWB. Mediation analysis suggests that PF partially and significantly mediates the relationship between optimism and psychological well-being. PF acted as partial mediator between optimism and all the individual components of PWB except for purpose in life where the results showed negative mediation effect. The mediatory function of PF in relationship between optimism and “autonomy”, “environmental mastery” and “purpose in life” was not significant while relationship between optimism and “personal growth”, “positive relations with others” and “self-acceptance” was significant. Findings extenuate the importance of integrating optimism and psychological flexibility while tailoring interventions to promote psychological well-being among defence personnel.</p> Smarika Dalal Sandeep Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 67 84 10.13133/2724-2943/17997 Attitude and Myths Related to Stalking among Early and Middle Age Adults <p>Stalking is described as a persistent pattern of behaviour that consists of undesirable contact and persistent monitoring. For example, stalkers may wait outside the victim’s home or make uninvited appearances in the victim’s personal space. Whether people understand stalking as an everyday brief behaviour or a bizarre phenomenon that needs intervention on their part makes a big distinction in the lives of stalking victims. Since humans tend to behave as per their attitudes, it makes it practically more important to assess myths and attitudes of people related to stalking. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess and compare the attitude and myths related to<br />stalking between early and middle age adults. The study was conducted on 67 young adults (Female = 33; Male = 34) and 67 middle-aged adults (Female = 33; Male = 34) who reside in Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR). Mean age of the two groups was 24.56 for young adults (18-30 years) and 46.79 for middle adults (40-55 years). Sample was drawn using convenient sampling. A 19 items stalking-related<br />attitude questionnaire (SRAQ) was used to measure an individual’s attitudes toward stalking statements and a 21-items stalking myths scale (SMS) was used to measure the participants’ endorsement of myths related to stalking. Data were analysed using mean, standard deviation (SD), and t- test. Results showed that middle-aged adults endorse more stalking-related attitudes and myths than early-age adults. Significant gender difference was also found related to the endorsement of stalking-related attitudes and myths as male participants endorsed more stalking related attitude and myths than female participants. This finding provides evidence of the extent to which attitudes and myths related to stalking are present among different age groups of society in today’s times.</p> Dr. Ravi Pratap Pandey Shivangi Bansal Purnima Awasthi Vidushi Dixit Ravindra Singh Vibha Yadava Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 85 94 10.13133/2724-2943/17960 Relations between mindfulness, perceived stress and psychopathological symptoms in healthcare professionals and control participants <p>The present study investigated the relations between dispositional mindfulness (MD), perceived stress and psychopathological symptoms in healthcare professionals (<em>N</em> = 104) and control participants (<em>N</em> = 125). Participants completed an online survey including the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Symptom Check List-90-R in the period between May and September 2021. The results revealed three main points. First, healthcare professionals reported higher levels of dispositional MD and lower levels of psychopathological symptoms. Second, dispositional MD was negatively associated with both perceived stress and psychopathological symptoms. Third, group moderated the relation between dispositional MD and psychopathological symptoms, such that high levels of mindfulness reduced psychopathological symptoms in healthcare professionals but not in control participants. Taken together, these findings suggest that the protective influence of dispositional MD on psychological wellbeing may be particularly pronounced in healthcare professionals.</p> Martina Finistrella Luca Rizzi Irene Messina Daniele Saraulli Pietro Spataro Copyright (c) 2023 Psychology Hub 2023-12-24 2023-12-24 40 3 95 104 10.13133/2724-2943/17810