Psychology Hub <p><span lang="EN-US">Established in 2020, <strong>PSYCHOLOGY HUB (PSY-HUB)</strong><em><strong> </strong></em>is a new scientific journal that inherits the tradition established by its predecessor <a title="Rassegna di Psicologia" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Rassegna di Psicologia </a>(last issue 2020, vol. 37, issue 1).<em><strong> <strong>PSYCHOLOGY HUB (PSY-HUB)</strong> </strong></em>has the objective to keep psychologists up-to-date on the latest research. <em>The</em><span class="apple-converted-space"><strong><em> <strong>PSY-HUB </strong></em></strong></span>provides a forum for psychology, psychiatry and mental health professionals to share their findings with researchers. <span class="apple-converted-space"> <em><strong>PSY-HUB</strong></em></span> is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal publishing original research in applied areas of psychology, including: Behavioral Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Educational Psychology, Environmental Psychology, Family Psychology, Health Psychology, Measurement/Assessment, Psychodynamics, Psychotherapy, School Psychology, Social Psychology, Sport Psychology, Work, Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Contributions are encouraged from all fields of psychology, especially those that address new developments and pursue innovative approaches.<span class="apple-converted-space"> <em><strong>PSY-HUB</strong></em></span><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span>focuses on original empirical contributions, but is open to theoretical articles, critical reviews, and replications of published research.</span></p> <p><strong><em><span lang="EN-US">PSYCHOLOGY HUB</span></em></strong><span class="apple-converted-space"><em><span lang="EN-US"> </span></em></span><span lang="EN-US">is property of Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” and is published, both online and printed, three times a year.<strong> </strong><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><strong> </strong></span></p> en-US (Editorial Office) (Editorial Office) Mon, 11 Jul 2022 18:43:45 +0000 OJS 60 Perceived stress, coping strategies and emotions pre- and post-COVID-19 vaccination in university healthcare students <p><em>Background</em></p> <p>As a consequence of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, many studies have identified differences in attitude towards vaccination by university students. The aim of the present study was to investigate various psychological, emotional and behavioral responses influenced by the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine in a sample of university students in healthcare professions.</p> <p><em>Method</em></p> <p>An ad hoc questionnaire was created and made available through the Google Modules platform. The questionnaire consisted of the following: a) the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) measuring the degree to which situations in a person's life can be evaluated as stressful, unpredictable, uncontrollable or overloaded; b) the Brief Coping Orientation to the Problems Experienced (Brief COPE) inventory to measure effective and ineffective ways of coping with a stressful life event; and c) seven questions created ad hoc that investigated emotions and moods pre- and post-vaccination.</p> <p><em>Participants</em></p> <p>A total of 344 students from the following faculties participated in the study: medicine and surgery (37.5%), nursing (32.8%), obstetrics (15.4%) and physiotherapy (14.2%) at the University of Salerno, Italy.</p> <p><em>Results</em></p> <p>In relation to the time of vaccination, 56.7% of the sample showed a moderate level of stress. Many students used emotion-focused and avoidant coping. Females were found to have implemented avoidance strategies more often than males.</p> <p><em>Conclusions</em></p> <p>In the pre-vaccination analysis, it is interesting to note that "fear" was the emotion most experienced by the students, as this is the primary emotion characterized by the use of avoidance strategies for survival. Furthermore, the words "hope" and "vaccination" were most often recorded in the post-vaccination phase with correspondingly positive headwords such as: colleague, start, day, result, emotion and able to. This association shows the students' ability to adapt and be resilient through change, and conveys that self-perception is important.</p> Giulia Savarese, Luna Carpinelli, Francesco De Caro, Rosa Oro, Maria Consiglia Calabrese, Antonietta Pacifico, Emanuela Santoro, Giovanni Boccia, Oriana Motta, Mario Capunzo, Giuseppina Moccia Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The university teaching during the COVID 19 pandemic lockdown: cognitive and motivational factors promoting the sense of community in university online courses. <p>Restrictions to contain the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020 led to the closure of schools and university. To meet learning outcomes, most of academic courses were abruptly adapted to a digital format, and different online deliveries were given in at-home educational setting in absence of physical social interactions with teachers and peers. As the sense of community has demonstrated to improve student persistence in courses, emergency remote learning could impact engagement of students in online learning.</p> <p>Here, we examined three dimensions of sense of community (i.e., Membership, Fulfilment of needs and goals achievement and Mutual influence of the individuals) in Synchronous, Asynchronous and Lab classes and analyzed the concurrent contribute of cognitive and motivational characteristics of students involved.</p> <p>We found higher scores of Fulfilment of needs and goals achievement in students attending a Synchronous class, and higher Mutual influence of the individuals scores in students attending the Lab class. Moreover, results revealed a significant role of group membership, intrinsic motivation, and problem-solving self-efficacy in explaining the sense of community dimensions across groups.</p> <p>In conclusion, our results outlined the importance of considering both motivational and self-regulation variables in different kind of university online class in fostering the sense of community, that is well-known to promote students’ persistence and engagement.</p> GIOVANNI MARIA VECCHIO, STEFANO MASTANDREA, PAOLA PERUCCHINI, SABRINA FAGIOLI Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Compliance with rules and future uncertainty related to the Covid19 pandemic: trust in government, trust in science, and perceived threat. <p>During a pandemic, a high level of compliance by citizens with prevention guidelines provided by the Government and scientists is important in order to slow the spread of the virus; nevertheless, there is evidence of people ignoring Government’s and scientists’ recommendation all over the world. In addition, the COVID-19 outbreak, and the mitigating measures as well, have had huge negative effects on citizens’ everyday life, including confinement, separation of families and friends, restriction of movement and personal freedom. These factors, together with the unpredictable duration and likelihood of resurgence of the pandemic, contribute to future uncertainty. The aim of current research is to contribute to the understanding of citizens’ compliance with rules and future uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic. We explored the relations—scarcely investigated so far—of compliance with rules and future uncertainty with three possible antecedents: trust in Government, trust in scientists, and perceived threat. In addition, regarding the last factor, two dimensions have been distinguished, namely perceived seriousness and perceived probability of the threat. Results suggest that compliance is positively associated with trust in Government, whereas future uncertainty is negatively correlated with trust in scientists. Perceived threat correlates with both compliance and uncertainty, and the association with perceived seriousness is larger than with perceived probability.</p> Roberta Riverso, Mario Amato, Fabio Verneau, Francesco La Barbera Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Writing about stressful workplace experiences <p>The need for effective preventive strategies at the workplace is largely advocated to reduce workers’ perceived stress and overall improve their well-being. Written emotional disclosure (WED) has been proposed as an experimental paradigm in samples faced with particular stressors, leading to several benefits for physical and psychological health. The current systematic review with meta-analysis aimed at addressing the questions of whether WED interventions applied to stressful workplace experiences can be effective for working adults and what types of outcomes are mostly affected by such interventions. The selection procedure resulted in 4 eligible studies out of 324 examined articles. The results indicated, on average, a small-sized effect (weighted ES = 0.26; 95% CI = -0.21, 0.72), a higher impact on emotional outcomes (weighted ES = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.48, 0.82), and a null effect on physical health (weighted ES = 0.01; 95% CI = -0.01, 0.03). It is concluded that, if considering that WED represents a low-cost, easy-to-use, and brief intervention, even small improvements could be clinically relevant in reducing work-related stress. The application of WED as a method of coping with work stressors should be further expanded in future research as to provide greater empirical evidence.</p> Andrea Caputo, Davide Monterosso, Eugenio Sorrentino Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Psychological functioning of adolescent with cancer <p>Oncological diseases in adolescence are stressful for psychological health in a critical period of development marked by the structuring of identity, relationships, autonomy and personality. The implementation of adaptive or maladaptive responses, i.e. different coping strategies, is influenced by multiple factors, including temperament and personality characteristics. The aim of the present research was to compare the scores obtained at the Personality Assessment Inventory - Adolescent (PAI-A) by two groups of 87 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years, oncological and not, perfectly matched for age and gender, with the aim of investigating the differences regarding specific aspects of personality, relational modes and psychopathological manifestations or symptoms. The results of the analysis of the scales and subscales of the PAI-A show the higher mean scores in the group of adolescents with cancer for the followed scales and subscales: Somatic Complaints; Conversion; Somatization; Health Concerns; Depression; Physiological Depression; Persecution; Resentment; Schizophrenia; Social Detachment; &nbsp;Alcohol and Drug Problems; Suicidal Ideation; Affective Instability; Antisocial Features and Behaviors; Egocentricity; Physical Aggression; and Stress and Nonsupport. Conversely, the control group showed higher mean scores on the dimensions as the Warmth, Irritability, Hypervigilance, and the Dominance. The results are discussed in the light of the current literature.</p> Lina Pezzuti, Brigitte Dell'Anna, Stefania Quarato, Paolo Colavero, Assunta Tornasello, Silvia Varani Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Holtzman Inkblot Technique as a Measure of Interpersonal Relationship <p>We examined the ability of the Holtzman Inkblot Technique (HIT) to assess different aspects of interpersonal relationships through the study of the association of six original HIT variables and 13 new HIT variables with the Rorschach Comprehensive System and the Personality Assessment Inventory. The three tests were administered to a sample of 136 subjects (61 male and 76 female) with an age range between 18 and 35 years. Four HIT variables (Human Content, Anxiety, Hostility, and Barrier) and four new HIT variables showed several significant correlations, which ranged from a minimum of .18 to a maximum of .28. Some of the results confirmed our hypotheses and therefore provide new support for the validity of old and new HIT variables. Those the significant correlations of the new HIT variables have an important implication for both clinicians and researchers. These results are discussed in the context of the literature.</p> James Dawe, Raymond C. Hawkins, Marco Lauriola, Lina Pezzuti Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Proactive, boundaryless, and confident graduates entering the labour market: does need for cognitive closure play a role as a moderator? <p>The transition from university to work is a crucial and delicate stage for graduates, as it involves an important change of role. Previous studies have shown that proactive personality, boundaryless mind-set and career self-efficacy are key variables for successful labour market integration/entry. This research analyzes the involvement of other individual variables that can both favor and hinder this process such as the need for cognitive closure. Specifically the aim of this work is to examine the moderating role of need for cognitive closure in the indirect association between proactive personality and career self-efficacy through boundaryless mind-set in a sample of 762 adults enrolled at the University or recently graduated therein. Results showed that career self-efficacy was positively predicted by proactive personality and boundaryless mind-set. Although a significant indirect effect was present thus confirming first hypothesis, it did not vary depending on the levels of need for cognitive closure proving that need for cognitive closure did not act as a moderator of this indirect association, hence not supporting second hypothesis. These findings were discussed in relation to the complexity of the choices to be made by students in transition and the nature of the information processing process needed for those choices.</p> Marina Mondo, Barbara Barbieri, Silvia De Simone, Jessica Pileri, Alessandro Lo Presti Copyright (c) 2022 Psychology Hub Mon, 11 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000