A petro-chemical study of ancient mortars from the archaeological site of Kyme (Turkey)


  • Domenico Miriello <p>Universit&agrave; della Calabria - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra</p>
  • Fabrizio Antonelli
  • Carmine Apollaro
  • Andrea Bloise
  • Nicolò Bruno
  • Manuela Catalano
  • Stefano Columbu
  • Gino Mirocle Crisci
  • Raffaella De Luca
  • Marco Lezzerini
  • Stefania Mancuso
  • Antonio La Marca




Anatolia, lime lump, binder, cocciopesto, moganite, archaeometry


Fourteen samples of ancient mortar (joint mortars and plasters) from the archaeological site of Kyme (Turkey) were studied by optical microscopy (OM), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDS) and micro-Raman spectroscopy to obtain information about their composition. The study allowed us to identify a new type of plaster inside the archaeological site of Kyme, not detected by previous studies of this site, in which vegetable fibers were intentionally added to the mixture. The combination of a petrographic analysis on thin sections by polarized light microscopy  with a chemical analysis, has allowed us to highlight similarities and differences between the mortars, by acquiring more information about  the constructive evolution of the archaeological  area.