Do Better Political Relations with the USA Improve A Country’s Economic Outlook?


  • Amirhossein Najafi
  • Anwar Aridi
  • Hossein Askari



international political relations, international trade, international economic development


In this paper, we investigate general patterns, if any, in economic and financial conditions following improved or damaged political relations with the USA. We consider areas such as, trade, capital flows, remittances, aid, military expenditures, and education. For countries improving their diplomatic relationship with the USA, we find that in the majority of the cases the countries’ total trade, exports, and imports from the USA did not change significantly. For countries whose relations with the USA deteriorated, our results are inconclusive. As for capital inflows, US arms exports and military expenditures too, the results are generally inconclusive, although improved relations with the USA may afford countries added security and in turn reduce their military expenditures. However, the analysis of economic and military assistance trends revealed that improving relations with the USA seems to have some significant positive effects on both US economic and military assistance. Finally, the analyses of the GDP growth trends suggest that the events, both improvements and deteriorations, do not have a significant effect on the overall growth rate.



JEL Codes: F50, F51, F59


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How to Cite

Najafi, A., Aridi, A., & Askari, H. (2010). Do Better Political Relations with the USA Improve A Country’s Economic Outlook?. PSL Quarterly Review, 63(255).