Le Passè, L’ Enseignement, La Science: Fèlix Vicq D’Azyr et L’Histoire de la Mèdecine au XVIIIE Siècle


  • Rafael Mandressi Center Alexandre-Koyré History of Science and Technology (CNRS) Paris


History of Medicine, Historiography , Eulogies , Fèlix Vicq d'Azyr


As a result of a process initiated by the end of the 17th century, in the second half of the 18th  century the history of medicine became an autonomous branch of the medical knowledge. The uses of the past were no longer those which prevailed in the Renaissance times, and the inherited knowledge played no more a significant role in the production of active medical knowledge. The ideas of the French anatomist and doctor Félix Vicq d’Azyr (1748-1794) on the history of medicine represent an original synthesis of the new frames of historical thought, from a theoretical and methodological point of view as well as in regard with the institutional and pedagogical functions of medical history. Vicq d’Azyr was the first, in fact, to assign to what he viewed as an independent discipline a specific place as a new chair in medical education.