A Combined GNSS-DINSAR-IRT study for the characterization of a deep-seated gravitational slope deformation





Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformation, DInSAR, InfraRed Thermography, GNSS, Scopello landslide (Sicily)


Large deep-seated gravitational slope deformation (DsGSD) are slope instability phenomena affecting high relief-energy hillslopes and characterized by a high degree of complexity, enhanced also by wideness of the affected area and lithological heterogeneity. A combined approach based on different remote survey methodologies is herein presented with the aim of characterizing one of the most relevant DsGSDs in Sicily (Italy). The Scopello landslide involves the external margin of an overthrust plane, where a rigid carbonate tectonic unit overlies a ductile clayey substratum. The evidence of structural discontinuities crossing the rock masses and of unstable rock mass portions were pointed out by IRT, whose results were combined with the analysis of morphological features retrieved from a DTM, highlighting the presence of regional systems controlling the rock fracturing. Three GNSS surveys have been carried out in 2004 and 2005 on a 27-vertex geodetic network, attesting up to 20cm deformations caused by the triggering of landslides in the substratum. DInSAR results, obtained from the processing and interpretation of ENVISAT and Cosmo-SkyMed images, both in ascending and descending geometry for the time span 2002-2018, allowed evaluating the displacement rates over the area, highlighting that the movement is still active in its upper sector.




How to Cite

Pappalardo, G., Mineo, S., Cappadonia, C., Di Martire, D., Calcaterra, D., Tammaro, U., Rotigliano, E., & Agnesi, V. (2021). A Combined GNSS-DINSAR-IRT study for the characterization of a deep-seated gravitational slope deformation. Italian Journal of Engineering Geology and Environment, 151–162. https://doi.org/10.4408/IJEGE.2021-01.S-14

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