Spatially Explicit Shallow Landslide Susceptibility Mapping Over Large Areas

Authors

  • Dino Bellugi University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
  • William E. Dietrich University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
  • Jonathan Stock United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California
  • Jim McKean United States Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho
  • Brian Kazian Intel Corporation, Santa Clara, California
  • Paul Hargrove Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4408/IJEGE.2011-03.B-045

Keywords:

shallow landslides, drainage area, slope stability, Shalstab, parallel computing

Abstract

Recent advances in downscaling climate model precipitation predictions now yield spatially explicit patterns of rainfall that could be used to estimate shallow landslide susceptibility over large areas. In California, the United States Geological Survey is exploring community emergency response to the possible effects of a very large simulated storm event and to do so it has generated downscaled precipitation maps for the storm. To predict the corresponding pattern of shallow landslide susceptibility across the state, we have used the model Shalstab (a coupled steady state runoff and in nite slope stability model) which susceptibility spatially explicit estimates of relative potential instability. Such slope stability models that include the effects of subsurface runoff on potentially destabilizing pore pressure evolution require water routing and hence the definition of upslope drainage area to each potential cell. To calculate drainage area efficiently over a large area we developed a parallel framework to scale-up Shalstab and speci cally introduce a new efficient parallel drainage area algorithm which produces seamless results. The single seamless shallow landslide susceptibility map for all of California was accomplished in a short run time, and indicates that much larger areas can be efficiently modelled. As landslide maps generally over predict the extent of instability for any given storm. Local empirical data on the fraction of predicted unstable cells that failed for observed rainfall intensity can be used to specify the likely extent of hazard for a given storm. This suggests that campaigns to collect local precipitation data and detailed shallow landslide location maps after major storms could be used to calibrate models and improve their use in hazard assessment for individual storms.

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Published

2011-11-30

How to Cite

Bellugi, D., Dietrich, W. E., Stock, J., McKean, J., Kazian, B., & Hargrove, P. (2011). Spatially Explicit Shallow Landslide Susceptibility Mapping Over Large Areas. Italian Journal of Engineering Geology and Environment, 399–407. https://doi.org/10.4408/IJEGE.2011-03.B-045

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