Cellular automata model: an application to landslide dam of “le mottacce” (tuscany, central italy)
Keywords:landslide dams, cellular automata models, CAESAR
This study analyzes the phenomenon of landslide dams by means of a quantitative approach, that consists in the implementation of a specific cellular automata model: CAESAR (COULTHARD et alii, 2002) a 2D model developed to simulate the morphological trend of a river within its hydrographic basin, including the calculation of the flow depth and a more detailed representation of sediment transport using multiple grain sizes. A code modification of CAESAR (DE ROSA, 2008) has been introduced to simulate a large amount of sediments coming into the river from the slopes (i.e. landslide dams). In this paper we present the first application of the modified CAESAR on a real case: the landslide occurred on 27th November 1987 in “Le Mottacce” (Upper Basin of Arno River). The landslide, which had a front of about 100 m, cut off both the Arezzo-Stia railways and the close provincial road and occluded the river-bed for 2/3 of its width. The comparison between the real landslide and the performed simulation demonstrates that the CAESAR modified model can correctly simulate the real case: the landslide, simulated by the model, produces the partial blockage (about 2/3) of the river bed, and the landslide body moves in the same way that occurred in reality.
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Copyright (c) 2011 Italian journal of engineering geology and environment
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