Analysis and modelling of the September 2022 flooding event in the Misa Basin




Misa river, geohazard, sediment transport, climate change, hydrological modelling


Natural hazard is recognized to be a threat to human society that is becoming more critical under the perspective of climate change. Italy is one of the most exposed European countries to hydrogeomorphological hazard, as proven by the annual casualties and economic losses. Among the most recent events, the one happened in the Misa river catchment in 2022 is of particular interest for the great amount of rainfall poured in just one night, which led to extensive erosion. The mountainous part of the catchment was hit by several landslides, and the resulting sediments and debris, transported downstream by rivers, increased the amount of damages. This event was interpreted as directly caused by climate change, as it was linked to a tropical storm not common at this latitude. This work proposes an analysis of this exceptional event from a hydrological point of view. The 2022 event was compared with other relevant events from the past, in order to evaluate the peak discharge, the sediment erosion and transport processes in the area for different scenarios. The analysis included the modelling at catchment scale with two physically-based models: SWAT, which provides results on channel processes, and SMART-SED, working at the catchment scale. The two scales of analysis, together with field surveys, gave a better understanding of the evolution of the shallow processes during the events. Finally, this work intends to highlight the relevance of hydrological modelling for the management of hazard in different scenarios at catchment scale.




How to Cite

Corti, M., Francioni, M., Abbate, A., Papini, M., & Longoni, L. (2024). Analysis and modelling of the September 2022 flooding event in the Misa Basin. Italian Journal of Engineering Geology and Environment, 69–76.

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