La Araña toro, Macrothele calpeiana, repeatedly imported to Germany (Araneae: Macrothelidae)


  • Tobias Bauer State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe
  • Ingo Wendt Stuttgart State Museum of Natural History



alien, Iberian Peninsula, invasive species, olive, spider, vector


Macrothele calpeiana (Walckenaer, 1805) is one the largest and most noticeable spiders that frequently “hitchhikes” with ornamental plants, a major vector for alien species, to areas outside its natural distribution. Two further imports of this species are presented herein, which were both found in Germany (Central Europe). While one specimen has been imported with an olive tree, the other spider was found in a potted citrus tree from Andalusia. The olive tree supposedly originates from Crete, for which no records of M. calpeiana are currently known. Both records probably represent only a small percentage of the specimens recently introduced To Germany (and Central Europe) by ornamental tree trade, as several postings on online spider boards and press articles suggest.


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How to Cite

Bauer, T. and Wendt, I. (2022) “La Araña toro, Macrothele calpeiana, repeatedly imported to Germany (Araneae: Macrothelidae)”, Fragmenta entomologica, 54(1), pp. 69–72. doi: 10.13133/2284-4880/520.



Short Scientific Notes