Orthopteran diversity and distribution in the Monviso Natural Park (Western Italian Alps) (Insecta: Orthoptera)


  • Davide Giuliano Via Maestra Riva 162, 10064 Pinerolo (TO)




Checklist, endemic species, near-threatened species, elevation, systematic review, Cottian Alps


The Alps represent a biodiversity hotspot in Europe, especially due to the occurrence of many endemic plant and animal species. In particular, the southwestern portions of the Alpine range have been identified as a centre of endemism for many taxa, including Orthoptera, thanks to the peculiar biogeographical history of this area. In this research, the orthopteran fauna living in one of the main massifs of the Italian western Alps (Monviso massif, Cottian Alps) was investigated, focusing on the Monviso Natural Park and the SAC/SPA IT1160058 “Gruppo del Monviso e Bosco dell’Alevé” territories. Merging field data with information gathered from bibliographical sources, public and private databases, a checklist of 51 species was compiled for the study area, including 7 W-Alpine endemic species and 4 Near-threatened taxa according to the European IUCN orthopteran Red List. Species distribution has been mapped in detail within the park, identifying core areas for endemic and near-threatened species, as well as for the overall orthopteran diversity, where desirable research and conservation efforts should be focused in future. In addition, combining field data with the information obtained by means of a little systematic review, the known elevation extremes of 43 orthopteran species observed in the study area are updated for the W-Alpine region, significantly improving the current knowledge on their altitudinal distribution in this area, especially in view of the upward range shifts expected in the ongoing climate change scenario.


Download data is not yet available.


Aeschimann D., Rasolofo N., Theurillat J.P. 2011. Analyse de la flore des Alpes. 2: biodiversité et chorologie. Candollea, 66(2): 225-253. https://doi.org/10.15553/c2011v662a1

Allegrucci G., Rampini M., Di Russo C., Lana E., Cocchi S., Sbordoni V. 2014. Phylogeography and systematics of the westernmost Italian Dolichopoda species (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae). ZooKeys, 437: 1-23. doi:10.3897/zookeys.437.7917

Balbiano D’Aramengo C., Bonelli P. 1975. Il Buco di Valenza. Rivista Mensile del Club Alpino Italiano, 96: 412-419.

Baroni D. 2015. Gli ortotteri della Valle di Cogne (Valle d’Aosta) (Insecta, Orthoptera). Revue Valdôtaine d’Histoire Naturelle, 69: 79-98.

Baroni D., Bonifacino M., Cristiano L., Rossi R., Pedrotti L., Sindaco R. 2018a. The Orthoptera fauna of the Stelvio National Park. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 150(1): 3-20. https://doi.org/10.4081/BollettinoSEI.2018.3

Baroni D., Poggi R., Savoldelli P., Sindaco R. 2018b. Gli ortotteri del biellese (Piemonte, Italia Nord-occidentale) (Insecta, Orthoptera). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “G. Doria”, Genova, 111: 409-483.

Battisti A., Cerrato C., Viterbi R., Bionda R., Savoldelli P. 2016. Gli ortotteri dei parchi naturali Veglia-Devero e Alta Valle Antrona. Rivista Piemontese di Storia Naturale, 37: 93-115.

Baur B., Baur H., Roesti C., Roesti D., Thorens P. 2006. Sauterelles, grillons et criquet de Suisse. Haupt, Berne, 352 pp.

Bellmann H. 1993. Heuschrecken: beobachten, bestimmen. Naturbuch Verlag, Augsburg, 2 Auflage, 349 pp.

Bonifait S. 2019. Quelques observations remarquables d’Orthoptères (Orthoptera) dans les Landes de Gascogne (département des Landes). Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, 47(1-2): 53-63.

Braud Y., Hochkirch A., Roesti C., Fontana P., Monnerat C., Presa J.J., Rutschmann F., Zuna-Kratky T., Dusoulier F. 2016. Roeseliana azami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T68468373A75341330. Downloaded on 29 December 2020.


Carron G., Sardet É., Wermeille E. 2002. Revision of the genus Anonconotus Camerano, 1878 (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) with description of A. pusillus sp. n. and A. baracunensis occidentalis ssp. n.. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 109(4): 879-918.

Cigliano M.M., Braun H., Eades D.C., Otte D. 2020. Orthoptera Species File. Version 5.0/5.0. Consulted on 31 Oct 2020. Available at: http://Orthoptera.SpeciesFile.org

Giuliano D., Cerrato C., Viterbi R., Savoldelli P. 2017. The orthopterans (Insecta: Orthoptera) of the Orsiera-Rocciavré Natural Park and the Orrido di Foresto Natural Reserve (Piedmont, NW Italy). Rivista Piemontese di Storia Naturale, 38: 157-177.

Gotelli N.J., Colwell N.K. 2001. Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters, 4(4): 379-391. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2001.00230.x

Hochkirch A., Nieto A., García Criado M., Cálix M., Braud Y., Buzzetti F.M., Chobanov D., Odé B., Presa Asensio J.J., Willemse L., Zuna-Kratky T., Barranco Vega P., Bushell M., Clemente M.E., Correas J.R., Dusoulier F., Ferreira S., Fontana P., García M.D., Heller K.G., Iorgu I.Ș., Ivković S., Kati V., Kleukers R., Krištín A., Lemonnier-Darcemont M., Lemos P., Massa B., Monnerat C., Papapavlou K.P., Prunier F., Pushkar T., Roesti C., Rutschmann F., Şirin D., Skejo J., Szövényi G., Tzirkalli E., Vedenina V., Barat Domenech J., Barros F., Cordero Tapia P.J., Defaut B., Fartmann T., Gomboc S., Gutiérrez-Rodríguez J., Holuša J., Illich I., Karjalainen S., Kočárek P., Korsunovskaya O., Liana A., López H., Morin D., Olmo-Vidal J.M., Puskás G., Savitsky V., Stalling T., Tumbrinck J. 2016. European Red List of Grasshoppers, Crickets and Bush-crickets. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg: 86 pp.

Iorio C., Fontana P., Bardiani M., Scherini R., Massa B. 2018. Nuovi dati sulla distribuzione in Italia di alcuni Ortotteri (Orthoptera, Ensifera, Caelifera). Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 150(3): 111-112. https://doi.org/10.4081/BollettinoSEI.2018.111

Iorio C., Scherini R., Fontana P., Buzzetti F.M., Kleukers R., Odé B., Massa B. 2019. Grasshoppers and crickets of Italy. A photographic field guide to all the species. WBA Handbooks, 10: 577 pp.

Kenyeres Z., Rácz I.A., Varga Z. 2009. Endemism hot spots, core areas and disjunctions in European Orthoptera. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 52B(1-2): 189-211. doi:10.3409/azc.52b_1-2.189-211

Körner C., Spehn E.M. (eds) 2003. Mountain biodiversity: a global assessment. CRC Press, Basel, 346 pp.

Lomolino M.V. 2001. Elevation gradients of species‐density: historical and prospective views. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 10(1): 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1466-822x.2001.00229.x

Massa B., Fontana P., Buzzetti F.M., Kleukers R., Odé B. 2012. Fauna d’Italia XLVIII. Orthoptera. Calderini, Bologna, 563 pp.

Médail F., Myers N. 2004. Mediterranean basin. In: Mittermeier R.A., Robles Gil P., Hoffman M., Pilgrim J., Brooks T., Goettsch Mittermeier C., Lamoreux J., Da Fonseca G.A.B. (eds), Hotspots revisited: Earth’s biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions, Cemex:144-147.

Minelli A., Ruffo S., Stoch F. 2005. L’endemismo in Italia. In: Ruffo S., Stoch F. (eds), Checklist e distribuzione della fauna italiana. Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, 2 serie, Sezione Scienze della Vita, 16: 29-32.

Morichon D., Morin D. 2010. Rétablissement du statut spécifique de Chorthippus sampeyrensis Nadig, 1986 et description de la première localité connue de France (Acrididae, Gomphocerinae). Matériaux Orthoptériques et Entomocénotiques, 14: 17-31.

Mourguiart B., Couturier T., Braud Y., Mansons J., Combrisson D., Besnard A. 2020. Multi‐species occupancy models: an effective and flexible framework for studies of insect communities. Ecological Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12991

Nagy L., Grabherr G., Körner C., Thompson D.B. (eds) 2012. Alpine biodiversity in Europe. Ecological Studies 167, Springer Science & Business Media, 479 pp.

Nieto A., Alexander K.N.A. 2010. European Red List of Saproxylic Beetles. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union: 45 pp.

Nieto A., Roberts S.P.M., Kemp J., Rasmont P., Kuhlmann M., García Criado M., Biesmeijer J.C., Bogusch P., Dathe H.H., De la Rúa P., De Meulemeester T., Dehon M., Dewulf A., Ortiz-Sánchez F.J., Lhomme P., Pauly A., Potts S.G., Praz C., Quaranta M., Radchenko V.G., Scheuchl E., Smit J., Straka J., Terzo M., Tomozii B., Window J., Michez D. 2014. European Red List of Bees. Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union: 85 pp.

Noël F., Vannucci O. 2015. Liste actualisée et commentée des orthoptères du département de la Sarthe (France) (Insecta, Orthoptera). Etat des connaissances en 2013. Invertébrés Armoricains, 12: 15-30.

Odé B. 2012. Guida sonora agli ortotteri d’Italia. In: Massa B., Fontana P., Buzzetti F., Kleukers R.M.J.C., Odé B. Fauna d’Italia, XLVIII. Orthoptera. Calderini, Milano. Attached DVD.

Oksanen J., Guillaume Blanchet F., Friendly M., Kindt R., Legendre P., McGlinn D., Minchin P.R., O'Hara R.B., Simpson G.L., Solymos P., Stevens M.H.H., Szoecs E., Wagner H. 2019. vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.5-6. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

Pitteloud C., Descombes P., Sànchez-Moreno S., Kergunteuil A., Ibanez S., Rasmann S., Pellissier L. 2020. Contrasting responses of above-and below-ground herbivore communities along elevation. Oecologia, 194(3): 515-528. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-020-04778-7

R Core Team 2020. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/

Ruffo S., Stoch F. (eds) 2005. Checklist e distribuzione della fauna italiana. Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, 2 serie, Sezione Scienze della Vita, 16, 307 pp.

Sardet É., Roesti C., Braud Y. 2015. Cahier d’identification des Orthoptères de France, Belgique, Luxembourg et Suisse. Biotope, Mèze (collection Cahier d’Identification), 304 pp.

Sartorello Y., Pastorino A., Bogliani G., Ghidotti S., Viterbi R., Cerrato C. 2020. The impact of pastoral activities on animal biodiversity in Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis Journal for Nature Conservation, 125863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125863

Schönswetter P., Stehlik I., Holderegger R., Tribsch A. 2005. Molecular evidence for glacial refugia of mountain plants in the European Alps. Molecular Ecology, 14(11): 3547-3555. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02683.x

Sindaco R. 2006. Gli ortotteri del versante italiano del massiccio del Monviso. Interreg IIIA, Messa in rete dei parchi naturali regionali del massiccio del Monviso, Inventario degli invertebrati: 1-35.

Sindaco R., Cristiano L., Di Già I., Evangelista M., Grieco C. 2007-2008. Ortotteri e Mantodei (Insecta) del Parco Naturale Mont Avic. Revue Valdôtaine d’Histoire Naturelle, 61-62: 125-134.

Sindaco R., Savoldelli P., Evangelista M. 2012. Ortotteri, mantidi e fasmidi dell’Italia nord-occidentale (Piemonte, Valle d’Aosta, Liguria) (Insecta: Orthoptera, Mantodea, Phasmatodea). Rivista Piemontese di Storia naturale, 33: 111-160.

Smyčka J., Roquet C., Renaud J., Thuiller W., Zimmermann N.E., Lavergne S. 2017. Disentangling drivers of plant endemism and diversification in the European Alps - A phylogenetic and spatially explicit approach. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 28: 19-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2017.06.004

Tami F., Fontana P. 2019. Contributo alla conoscenza di alcuni ortotteri (Insecta Orthoptera) del Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italia Nord-orientale). Gortania, 40: 79-86.

Tami F., Tirello P., Fontana P. 2013. Contributo alla conoscenza degli ortotteroidei della Val Canale (Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italia Nord-orientale). Gortania, 34: 79-100.

Van Swaay C., Cuttelod A., Collins S., Maes D., López Munguira M., Šašić M., Settele J., Verovnik R., Verstrael T., Warren M., Wiemers M., Wynhof I. 2010. European Red List of Butterflies. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union: 47 pp.

Vigna Taglianti A., Audisio P.A., Belfiore C., Biondi M., Bologna M.A., Carpaneto G.M., De Biase A., De Felici S., Piattella E., Racheli T., Zapparoli M., Zoia S. 1992. Riflessioni di gruppo sui corotipi fondamentali della fauna W-paleartica ed in particolare italiana. Biogeographia–The Journal of Integrative Biogeography, 16(1): 159-179. DOI: 10.21426/B616110375

Vigna Taglianti A., Audisio P.A., Biondi M., Bologna M.A., Carpaneto G.M., De Biase A., Fattorini S., Piattella E., Sindaco R., Venchi A., Zapparoli M. 1999. A proposal for a chorotype classification of the Near East fauna, in the framework of the Western Palearctic region. Biogeographia–The Journal of Integrative Biogeography, 20(1): 31-59. DOI: 10.21426/B6110172

Viterbi R., Cerrato C., Bassano B., Bionda R., von Hardenberg A., Provenzale A., Bogliani G. 2013. Patterns of biodiversity in the northwestern Italian Alps: a multi-taxa approach. Community Ecology, 14(1): 18-30. https://doi.org/10.1556/comec.14.2013.1.3




How to Cite

Giuliano, D. (2022). Orthopteran diversity and distribution in the Monviso Natural Park (Western Italian Alps) (Insecta: Orthoptera). Fragmenta Entomologica, 54(1), 45–64. https://doi.org/10.13133/2284-4880/536



Research Articles