The coccid-tending ant genus Acropyga Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and its obligate associated myrmecophilous scale insect genus Eumyrmococcus Silvestri (Hemiptera: Xenococcidae) new to Italy

Authors

  • Antonio Scupola Museo di Storia Naturale di Verona
  • Antonio Durante Museo di Storia Naturale del Salento
  • Francesco Giannuzzi
  • Giuseppina Pellizzari Università degli studi di Padova

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13133/2284-4880/722

Keywords:

ants, Coccomorpha, first record, root mealybug, Italy, trophophoresy

Abstract

The ant genus Acropyga Roger, 1862 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and its associated myrmecophilous scale insect genus Eumyrmococcus Silvestri, 1926 (Hemiptera: Xenococcidae) are reported from Italy for the first time. These records are based on some alates of Acropyga paleartica Menozzi, 1936 with females of Eumyrmococcus corinthiacus Williams, 1993 carried in their mandibles, collected in Salento area (Apulia region, South Eastern Italy) in 2020.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Giuseppina Pellizzari, Università degli studi di Padova

Dipartimento DAFNAE - Agripolis

References

Buschinger A., Heinze J., Jessen K., Douwes P., Winter U. 1987. First European record of a queen ant carrying a mealybug during her mating flight. Naturwissenschaften, 74: 139.

Danzig E.M., Gavrilov-Zimin I.A. 2014. Palaearctic mealybugs(Homoptera: Coccinea: Pseudococcidae), Part 1: Subfamily Phenacoccinae. Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg, 678 pp.

García Morales M., Denno B.D, Miller D.R, Miller G.L, BenDov Y., Hardy N.B. 2016. ScaleNet: a literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics. Doi: 10.1093/database/bav118. Retrieved from: http://scalenet.info (accessed February 2021).

Gavrilov-Zimin I.A. 2018. Ontogenesis, morphology and higher classification of archeacococcids (Homoptera: Coccinea: Orthezoiidea). Zoosystematica Rossica, 2018(2): 1–264.

Hodgson C.J. 2012 Comparison of the morphology of the adult males of the Rhizoecine, Phenacoccine and Pseudococcine mealybugs (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea), with the recognition of the family Rhizoecidae Williams. Zootaxa, 3291: 1–79.

Hodgson C.J. 2020. A review of neococcid scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccomorpha) based on the morphology of the adult males. Zootaxa, 4765(1): 1–264.

Johnson C., Agosti D., Delabie J.H., Dumpert K., Williams D.J., Tschirnhaus M.V., Maschwitz U. 2001. Acropyga and Azteca ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with scale insects (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea): 20 million years of intimate symbiosis. American Museum Novitates, 3335: 1–18.

Kishimoto-Yamada K., Itioka T., Kawai S. 2005. Biological characterization of the obligate symbiosis between Acropyga sauteri Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Eumyrmococcus smithii Silvestri (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae: Rhizoecinae) on Okinawa Island, southern Japan. Journal of Natural History, 39(40): 3501–3524.

LaPolla J.S., Cover S.P., Mueller U.G. 2002. Natural history of the mealybug-tending ant, Acropyga epedana, with descriptions of the male and queen castes. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 128: 367–376.

LaPolla J.S. 2004. Acropyga of the world. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 33(3): 1–130.

LaPolla J.S. 2005. Ancient trophophoresy: a fossil Acropyga (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Dominican amber. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 13(1-2): 21–28.

LaPolla J.S. 2006. Description of the male of Acropyga palaeartica Menozzi, 1936. Myrmecologische Nachrichten, 8: 171–173.

LaPolla J.S. Burwell C., Brady G.S., Miller D.R. 2008. A new ortheziid (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from Australia associated with Acropyga myops Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and a key to Australian Ortheziidae. Zootaxa, 1946: 55–68.

Menozzi C., 1936. Nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della fauna delle Isole italiane dell’Egeo. VI. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d’Agricoltura, Portici, 29: 262–311.

Salata S., Borowiec L., Trichas A. 2020. Review of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Crete, with keys to species determination and zoogeographical remarks. Monographs of the Upper Silesian Museum, 12: 5–296. Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.

Schifani E., Alicata A. 2021. Aphaenogaster finzii Müller, 1921, a trans-Ionian species new to Italy (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Biogeographia – The Journal of Integrative Biogeography, 34: 51–57. Doi: 10.21426/B634043636

Schneider S.A., LaPolla J.S. 2011. Systematics of the mealybug tribe Xenococcini (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), with a discussion of trophobiotic associations with Acropyga Roger ants. Systematic Entomology, 36: 57–82.

Schneider S.A., LaPolla J.S. 2020. Trophobiosis between a new species of Williamsrhizoecus (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Rhizoecidae) and Acropyga silvestrii (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Tanzania. Zootaxa, 4853(2): 283–291.

Scupola A. 2017. Aphaenogaster muelleriana Wolf, 1915 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Salento (South East Italy). Biodiversity Journal, 8: 3–8.

Seifert B., Heller G. 1999. Carrying of a worker pupa by a singly- dispersing foundress of Acropyga paleartica Menozzi, (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten, 3: 63–65.

Tanaka H. 2016. A new genus and species of Rhizoecidae (Hemiptera, Sternorryncha, Coccomorpha) associated with Acropyga yaeyamensis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Formicinae). ZooKeys, 616: 115–124.

Tang F.T. 1992. The Pseudococcidae of China. Chinese Agricultural Science Technology Press, Beijing. 260 pp.

Vigna Taglianti A., Audisio P.A., Biondi M., Bologna M.A., Carpaneto G., De Biase A., Fattorini S., Piattella E., Sindaco R., Venchi A., Zapparoli M. 1999. A proposal for chorotype classification of the Near East fauna, in the frame work of the Western Palaearctic region. Biogeographia, 20: 31–59.

Williams D.J. 1987. Unusual instars in Xenococcus annandalei Silvestri (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria ‘Filippo Silvestri’, 43 (1986-Suppl.): 73–77.

Williams D.J. 1993. A new species of mealybug from Greece, the first from Europe belonging to the ant-attended genus Eumyrmococcus Silvestri (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae). Entomologist’s Gazette, 44: 216–220.

Williams D.J. 1998. Mealybugs of the genera Eumyrmococcus Silvestri and Xenococcus Silvestri associated with the ant genus Acropyga Roger and a review of the subfamily Rhizoecinae (Hemiptera, Coccoidea, Pseudococcidae). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Entomology Series (London), 67: 1–64.

Williams D.J. 2001. Descriptions of a new genus and three new species of Rhizoecinae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) associated with ants of the genus Acropyga Roger in Dominican amber. American Museum Novitates (New York), 3335: 16–18.

Williams D.J., Watson G.W. 1988. The Scale Insects of the Tropical South Pacific Region. Pt. 1. The Armoured Scales (Diaspididae). CAB International, Wallingford, U.K. 290 pp.

Downloads

Published

2022-05-15

How to Cite

Scupola, A., Durante, A., Giannuzzi, F., & Pellizzari, G. (2022). The coccid-tending ant genus Acropyga Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and its obligate associated myrmecophilous scale insect genus Eumyrmococcus Silvestri (Hemiptera: Xenococcidae) new to Italy . Fragmenta Entomologica, 54(1), 89–94. https://doi.org/10.13133/2284-4880/722

Issue

Section

Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)