Hazard assessment of a rocky slope of Mount Pellegrino (Northern Sicily): a comparative study of direct and indirect approaches





fractured rock mass, rock mass characterization, Structure from Motion technique, 3D point cloud, semi-automatic extraction


The assessment of landslide hazard related to slopes in fractured rock masses is generally correlated with the probability of occurrence of potential rockfall phenomena. The propensity to detachment of rock blocks can be defined through direct or indirect approaches. The first, widely used for decades, is regulated by the International Society for Rock Mechanics recommendations, and provides for the definition of a series of parameters for discontinuities that cross a line designated by the operator, according to the so-called “scanline” methodology. The most applied indirect approaches are based on the construction of a 3D model of the studied front through input data acquired by a digital camera, laser scanner or radar. These two different approaches were used to analyze the discontinuities orientation of a rocky slope on the west side of Mt. Pellegrino (northern Sicily). In this context, it is essential to anticipate rockfall, given the presence of densely urbanized areas at the foot of the rocky slope. The main discontinuity sets were obtained from traditional geo-structural analysis and 3D Point Cloud model of the slope; the latter were derived by applying the Structure from Motion technique on frames captured during the surveys. The kinematic analysis applied to the obtained data allowed us to define from a geomechanical perspective, the main modes of failure. Moreover, back analyses were carried out on the already collapsed blocks to reveal the most likely rockfall volume and reached distance.




How to Cite

Mineo, G., Rosone, M., & Cappadonia, C. (2024). Hazard assessment of a rocky slope of Mount Pellegrino (Northern Sicily): a comparative study of direct and indirect approaches. Italian Journal of Engineering Geology and Environment, 205–214. https://doi.org/10.4408/IJEGE.2024-01.S-23

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