Welfare, invecchiamento della popolazione e lavoro: una prospettiva OCSE (Welfare Systems, Ageing and Work: An OECD Perspective)
Parole chiave:Ageing, Demographics, Macroeconomics, Older Workers, Pension, Public Pension
This paper examines the scale of the demographic problem facing OECD economies and the labour market trends among older workers, considering the macroeconomic implications of welfare provision for ageing on living standards and fiscal balances. The nature and the scale of incentives for early retirement are then discussed, concluding that welfare systems in OECD countries will come under increasing pressure as the share of public pension payments on total welfare outlays could rise dramatically over the coming decades. The paper illustrates some of the recent OECD recommendations for responding to the challenges posed by ageing societies in the context of diverse social welfare systems and concludes that policies are urgently needed in a number of countries to pursue two fundamental objectives: increasing the average number of years individuals spend active in the labour force and raising the sources of provision for an adequate retirement income.
JEL Codes: H55, H53, J14, E62
Keywords: Ageing, Demographics, Macroeconomics, Older Workers, Pension, Public Pension
BLONDAL, S. e S. SCARPETTA (1998), "The retirement decision in OECD countries", OECD Economics Department Working Paper, no. 202.
BLONDAL, S. e S. SCARPETTA (1999), "Early retirement in OECD countries: the role of social security systems", Economic Studies, no. 29.
CHAND T. e A. JAEGER (1996), "Ageing populations and public pension schemes", IMF Occasional Paper, no. 147.
COMMISSION OF EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (1993), Age and Attitudes: Main Results from a Eurobarometer Survey, Bruxelles.
HVIDING, K. e M. MERETTE (1998), "The macroeconomic effects of pension reforms in the context of ageing populations: overlapping generations model simulations for seven OECD countries", OECD Economics Department Working Paper, no. 201.
OECD (1998), Maintaining Prosperity in an Ageing Society, Paris.
OECD (1999), A Caring World: Analysis, Paris.
OECD (1999), A Caring World: National Achievements, Paris.
OECD (1999), A Caring World: The New Social Policy Agenda, Paris.
OECD (1999), The OECD Jobs Strategy: Assessing Performance and Policy, Paris.
OECD (2000), OECD Economic Surveys. Italy, Paris, in corso di pubblicazione.
TURNER, D., C. GIORNO, A. DE SERRES, A. VOURC'H e P. RICHARDSON (1998), "The macroeconomic implications of ageing in a global context", OECD Economics Department Working Paper, no. 193.
Ogni materiale pubblicato sul sito e gli articoli pubblicati sulla rivista sono distribuiti con Licenza internazionale Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0. Copia della licenza è disponibile alla URL http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0. Gli autori mantengono i diritti sulla loro opera e cedono alla rivista il diritto di prima pubblicazione dell'opera con la licenza suindicata.
All material in this website and every article published by the review are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Non commercial - No derivates 4.0 International license. Authors retain all rights on their works and grant the right to first publication to the review under the aforementioned license.