Metabolic control of muscle stem cells


  • Alessandra Renzini
  • Sergio Adamo
  • Viviana Moresi



Muscle stem cells, or satellite cells, are a population of adult stem cells involved in muscle growth and indispensable for adult skeletal muscle regeneration. As the quiescent state is perturbed, satellite cells undergo profound metabolic changes, named metabolic reprogramming, driving cellular activation, commitment and differentiation. Thus, modulation of cellular metabolism, by altered nutrient availability or with aging, can impact satellite cell stemness and fate, as well as differentiation ability. Moreover, a direct link between cellular metabolism and chromatin dynamics is emerging. Indeed, metabolic intermediates act as cofactors for epigenetic modulators, thereby regulating their activity and influencing the epigenetic landscape. Consequently, environmental cues are critical regulators of satellite cell fate, linking nutrient availability with the epigenome to impact muscle homeostasis and regeneration. Further studies are necessary to dissect the intimate connection between environmental cues, metabolic reprogramming and epigenetics, to increase satellite cell regenerative capacity in aging or diseases.




How to Cite

Renzini, A., Adamo, S., & Moresi, V. (2020). Metabolic control of muscle stem cells. Organisms. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(2), 24–35.